Pressure in the sinuses can be really painful and lead to throbbing sinus headaches. Sinus pressure is typically a result of irritated and clogged sinuses.
What is Sinus Pressure?
Sinus pressure is felt in the face around the nose, eyes, and forehead. It typically is a result of bacteria, viruses, allergens, and/or pollutants invading the airways and infecting the sinuses.
Your sinuses are a system of air pockets and tubes that are located in your face. You have several sinuses, some beside and behind the nose, some in the forehead and cheeks and more around the eyes. The official names of your sinuses are:
- The maxillary sinus, one located in each cheek
- The ethmoid sinuses, six to twelve located on each side of the nose between the eyes
- The frontal sinus, one located on each side of the forehead
- The sphenoid sinuses, located behind the ethmoid sinuses
The sinuses help you in many ways by improving your voice, and promoting airflow and ventilation. But the main job of sinuses is to produce and filter mucus to protect against:
But when the sinuses suffer from an infection also called sinusitis, they get irritated and swell. In addition to this, the body produces more mucus membranes than usual to fight off the infection.
As a result mucus becomes stuck in the sinuses because it cannot drain through the swollen, narrowed openings. As this blockage worsens pressure in the sinuses builds, as does your discomfort.
Symptoms Your Sinus Pressure is a Result of Sinusitis
If you are suffering from the below symptoms you may have sinusitis and should seek an official diagnosis from your doctor.
- Pain on either side of your nose, around your eyes, between your eyes, in your forehead, in your upper jaws and teeth
- Sinus headache, pressure and tenderness in the forehead, nose and around the eyes, sometimes described by the feeling of having something sitting on your face.
- Dental pain
- Nasal discharge, cloudy, green, or yellow in color
- Postnasal drip (mucus dripping from the back of the nose down the throat)
- Sore throat
- Cough (may get worse at night)
- Hoarse voice
- Nasal congestion (having a stuffy nose)
- Lack of smell and taste
Causes of Sinus Pressure
In order to treat your sinus pressure it is important to know what is causing it. Some common causes of sinus pressure are:
- If you suffer from allergies
- If you suffer from a cold and/or upper respiratory infection
- If you have a deviated nasal septum
- If you have narrow sinuses and sinus canals
- If you suffer from sinus sensitivity
Knowing which of these common causes is leading to your sinus pressure is crucial for proper treatment.
Sinus Pressure Treatment
For sinus pressure stemming from allergies there are several allergy medications that can prevent you from having an allergic reaction. Talk to your doctor about which allergy medication may be right for you.
If you have a cold or upper respiratory infection see your doctor to find out what is causing it. Some strains of bacteria infect the upper respiratory tract and antibiotics can be prescribed.
If you have a deviated nasal septum or narrow sinuses that are the cause of sinus pressure you may need reconstructive surgery. See your doctor to determine if you are a candidate.
Experiencing sinus pressure? Book an appointment with a PlushCare physician and get a prescription treatment today.