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Jennifer Nelson

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About Author — Jennifer is a freelance writer in the Midwest who writes about a variety of topics but especially enjoys educating people about their health and the health of their pets.

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Antibiotics for Urine Infection

You feel that familiar burn when you urinate and groan. Could it be a urine infection? A urine infection, also known as a urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that takes place anywhere in your urinary tract. Your urinary tract is the organ system that runs from your kidneys down to your urethra, where urine exits the body.

What are the symptoms of a urine infection? How is it treated? Which antibiotics are used for a urine infection? Read on to learn what you need to know about urine infections.

Symptoms of urine infection

Symptoms of a urine infection will vary depending on where in your urinary tract the infection is located, but they may include:

  • Frequent, sudden urge to urinate
  • Burning feeling when urinating
  • Frequently eliminating small amounts of urine
  • Cloudy urine
  • Urine that looks red, pink, or cola-colored, which may indicate blood in the urine
  • Strong-smelling urine
  • Pelvic pain, especially in women

Treatment for urine infection

Luckily, there are lots of things you can do to treat a urine infection:

  • Drink more water to flush the bacteria from your system
  • Urinate more frequently
  • Take over the counter (OTC) pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen
  • Put a heating pad on your back or abdomen
  • Wear loose cotton clothing to discourage bacterial growth
  • Drink cranberry juice
  • Take antibiotics

Antibiotics for urine infection

Antibiotics that are typically prescribed for simple urinary tract infections include:

  • Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra, others)
  • Fosfomycin (Monurol)
  • Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
  • Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Macrobid)
  • Cephalexin (Keflex)
  • Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
  • Ampicillin

Side effects of antibiotics

No medication is without risk of side effects, and antibiotics are no exception. Possible side effects of antibiotics include:

  • Rash
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Headache
  • Tendon or nerve damage

How to prevent future urine infections

You may be miserable now, but the good news is that lots of things can help reduce your odds of getting another urine infection in the future.

  • Drink 6-8 glasses of water every day
  • Urinate frequently and as soon as you feel the urge
  • Take showers instead of baths
  • Wear cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothing
  • Change your underwear daily
  • Drink cranberry juice
  • Urinate before and after sexual activity
  • Avoid using a diaphragm or spermicide
  • Use nonspermicidal lubricated condoms
  • Wipe from front to back
  • Avoid douches or feminine hygiene sprays

Think you may have a urine infection? Book an appointment with a PlushCare doctor and get a prescription today.


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