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W.H.O. Declares Coronavirus Pandemic

writtenByWritten by: Leah McCabe
Leah McCabe

Leah McCabe

Leah likes writing about health and science subjects. Through her writing she hopes to help people of all backgrounds have equal access to information and quality healthcare.

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November 2, 2020 Read Time - 7 minutes

*NOTE:  Due to a lack of scientific data at this time, PlushCare physicians do not prescribe ivermectin, hydroxychloroquine, or azithromycin/other antibiotics to treat COVID-19.

W.H.O. Declares Coronavirus Pandemic

On Wednesday, March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus (COVID-19) a pandemic. What does that mean? What precautions should you take? And what in the world is “social distancing?”

Here’s the latest information on COVID-19 and what you need to know to protect yourself and others. 

What’s a Pandemic?

According to the WHO, “A pandemic is the worldwide spread of a new disease.” COVID-19 is the first pandemic since the H1N1 “swine flu” pandemic in 2009. 

Labeling COVID-19 a pandemic isn’t cause for panic, however. “We cannot say this loudly enough, or clearly enough, or often enough: all countries can still change the course of this pandemic,” reads a statement from Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, director-general of the WHO.

With a pandemic the goal is no longer to stop the virus, but slow it down so health services aren’t overwhelmed all at once. This is why we’ve seen so many closures of offices, schools and cancellations of large events, to limit the amount of people potentially exposed. Also, keep in mind a pandemic does not refer to the severity of the disease, rather how widespread it is.

Social Distancing Vs Quarantine Vs Isolation

The WHO and other health officials are calling for “social distancing” to limit the spread of COVID-19. What is social distancing, and how does it differ from quarantine or isolation?

Quarantine is a way to monitor people who may have been exposed to the virus but aren’t showing symptoms, yet.

Quarantine keeps potentially infected people away from others who have not been infected.

Those under quarantine are often asked to stay home and avoid interacting with others for 14 days (the time it takes, on average, for somebody to start showing symptoms of COVID-19 after being exposed to the virus). 

Isolation goes a step farther than quarantine.

People who are known to have the virus are isolated to keep them away from people who aren’t sick.

A whole family may be quarantined in one home, but isolated individuals should be kept in separate rooms and use different bathrooms (when possible) from individuals who are not showing symptoms. 

Social distancing is a way to limit the spread of disease when you’re out in public.

The CDC defines social distancing as “remaining out of congregate settings, avoiding mass gatherings, and maintaining distance (approximately 6 feet) from others when possible.”

This is why so many events have been canceled and schools and offices closed.

Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)

It’s currently cold and flu season. How do you know whether you actually have COVID-19? Here are the symptoms to look for:

  • Fever (in 88% of cases)
  • Dry cough (68%)
  • Fatigue (38%)
  • Sputum/phlegm production (33%)
  • Shortness of breath (20%)
  • Sore throat or headache (13%)

The CDC has listed 6 new symptoms of COVID-19 that may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. They include:

  • Chills
  • Repeated shaking with chills
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • New loss of smell or taste
  • Sore throat
  • Congestion or runny nose
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Preventing the Spread of Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What can you do to help prevent the spread of COVID-19? 

  • Stay home as much as possible. 
  • When you go out, try to stay at least 6 feet away from other people. 
  • Avoid large crowds. 
  • Wash your hands frequently, for at least 20 seconds with soap and warm water.
  • Avoid touching your face as much as possible
  • If you’ve been exposed, self quarantine
  • If you’re displaying symptoms call your doctor and see what your next steps should be.

At-Risk Populations

Currently, COVID-19 disproportionately affects the elderly and people with underlying health conditions like diabetes, congestive heart failure, or a compromised immune system.

This graph shows the increased mortality rate for the aging population for COVID-19.

Latest Information

Here is some of the latest information about COVID-19 (as of November 1, 2020):

  • 45 million cases worldwide
  • 1.2 deaths worldwide
  • 34 million recovered worldwide
  • 9.5 million confirmed cases in the USA
  • 236,997 deaths in the USA
  • 5.5 million recovered in the USA
  • US travel ban from Europe, went into effect on Friday, March 13 at 23:59 ET.
  • The NBA has suspended the season, the NCAA March Madness games have also been canceled and the Big Ten canceled the of the men’s basketball tournament. 
  • The Trump administration is recommending people convene in groups of 10 or less people.
  • The State Department has declared a level 4 travel advisory (the highest level) telling Americans not to travel abroad and those that are out of the country to return home.
  • At least 200 million people in 21 states, 47 counties and 14 cities are being urged to shelter in place and only leave home for necessities such as groceries or medicine.
  • The Senate passed a $2.2. trillion relief fund. Citizens making under $75,000 a year will be given $1,200. Learn more here.
  • The CDC is now recommending everyone wear face masks in public, even if you are not sick.
  • In some parts of the country certain businesses are starting to open following state mandated regulations. Learn more here.
  • The CDC has added 6 new symptoms to the list of COVID-19 symptoms. These include: chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, and new loss of smell or taste.
  • All 50 states have began to implement reopening measures.
  • Many states are experiencing surges in cases as a result of reopening measure.
  • Many parts of the world are preparing for or are experiencing a second wave of the virus.

Read: What is Remdesivir?

What to Do if You Think You’re Infected

If you think you have COVID-19, do NOT go straight to your doctor’s office.

If your symptoms are mild to moderate, you should be able to recover at home. There is no cure for COVID-19, so going to the doctor accomplishes nothing apart from spreading the disease and overwhelming the medical system. 

Call your doctor or local healthcare authorities and ask what they recommend you do based on your risk level, exposure, symptoms and general health.

As long as you aren’t having breathing problems, you should stay home and focus on getting rest and drinking fluids.

You can set up a phone or video appointment with one of our trusted and licensed PlushCare doctors by clicking here or calling (888) 498-0743.

They can give you more specific advice to help you start to feel better and answer any questions you may have. 

PlushCare can provide you with a COVID-19 at-home testing kit following a virtual consultation with one of our board-certified doctors. At-home testing is a great way to reduce the spread of the virus by lowering exposure.

You can have a testing kit overnighted to your house, collect your sample, and ship it back to our partner lab. The whole process can take as little as 2 days. Learn more about COVID-19 at-home testing here.

We are also offering appointments for patients looking to receive an antibody testing order online.

If you are experiencing difficulty breathing, you should call your local health authorities and find out where to go. They may be directing all COVID-19 patients to a handful of prepared locations to limit the spread of the virus. 

Watch COVID-19 Spread Globally

Watch COVID-19 Spread in the U.S.

Read More About COVID-19

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NPR. Coronavirus: COVID-19 Is Now Officially A Pandemic, WHO Says. Accessed on March 12, 2020 at

USA Today. Coronavirus: What is social distancing? When should I quarantine versus isolate? Accessed on March 12, 2020 at

World Health Organization. What Is a Pandemic? Accessed on March 12, 2020 at

WorldOMeter. COVID-19 Coronavirus Outbreak. Accessed on March 12, 2020 at

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